Art Techniques | 21 June 2017Acrylic: Color Basics Share article facebook twitter google pinterest Acrylic: Landscape helps you to get down to the basics so we can paint a beautiful landscape in acrylic. A basic knowledge of color and color relationships is essential in learning how to paint. One of the easiest ways to approach color is by seeing it on a “color wheel,” which is a visual organization of color hues around a circle. Seeing the colors organized in this fashion is helpful for color mixing and choosing color schemes. Color Wheel The color wheel helps us see relationships between primary, secondary, and tertiary colors. Primary colors are blue, red, and yellow. We can create a multitude of other colors by combining blue, red, and yellow in various proportions, but we can’t create the three primaries by mixing other colors. Secondary colors include orange, green, and violet. You can create these colors by combining two primaries. Red and yellow makes orange, blue and red makes violet, and yellow and blue makes green. Tertiary colors are created by mixing each primary color with its neighboring secondary color. These colors include red-orange, yellow-orange, yellow-green, blue-green, blue-violet, and red-violet. Complementary Colors Complements sit opposite each other on the color wheel. For example, red sits opposite green, blue sits opposite orange, and yellow sits opposite purple. These colors are considered opposites in their hues and yield the maximum amount of color contrast possible. When complements are mixed together, they form a dull gray, brown, or neutral color. Neutral Colors Neutral colors are browns and grays, both of which contain all three primary colors in varying proportions. Neutral colors are often dulled with white or black. Artists also use the word “neutralize” to describe the act of dulling a color by adding its complement. Color Temperature Color temperature refers to the feeling one gets when viewing a color or set of colors. Generally, yellows, oranges, and reds are considered warm, whereas greens, blues, and purples are considered cool. When used within a work of art, warm colors seem to advance toward the viewer, and cool colors appear to recede into the distance. This dynamic is important to remember when suggesting depth or creating an area of focus. Color & Value Within each hue, you can achieve a range of values—from dark shades to light tints. However, each hue has a value relative to others on the color wheel. For example, yellow is the lightest color and violet is the darkest. To see this clearly, photograph or scan a color wheel and use computer-editing software to view it in grayscale. It is also very helpful to create a grayscale chart of all the paints in your palette so you know how their values relate to one another. Buy from an Online Retailer US: With comprehensive instruction and artist tips and tricks, Landscapes is the perfect resource for beginning acrylic artists. Landscapes teaches aspiring artists everything they need to know to get started painting beautiful landscapes in acrylic. From choosing paper and brushes to painting techniques, composition, and development, Landscapes is bursting with valuable skills and lessons to help beginning artists master this approachable medium. Talented artist Tom Shropshire guides readers through an exploration of painting classic landscapes in acrylic, covering basic painting concepts and techniques, including rendering realistic textures. Building on these basic techniques, artists can practice their craft with step-by-step projects that cover a variety of landscapes, including a waterfall, a spring storm, and a classic winter scene. With comprehensive instruction and artist tips and tricks, Landscapes is the perfect resource for beginning acrylic artists. Share article facebook twitter google pinterest If you have any comments on this article please contact us or get in touch via social media.