How to Master the Vanishing Point

Have you ever wondered how to create dimension on a flat piece of paper?  Learn how to master a vanishing point with Drawing Perspective Methods for Artists.

Vanishing point, Drawing Perspective Methods for Artists

When looking at railroad tracks, it seems the tracks meet in the distance. This imaginary point is called a vanishing point. The alignment of lines toward one or multiple vanishing points is an effective way to create the appearance of three dimensions while drawing architectural subjects, streets, and furniture. Vanishing lines are lines that move away from the observer and meet at one point, even though, in reality, they’re parallel to each other, such as a building‘s balconies and windows, street edges, or table edges. In addition, constant shapes and the distances between them become smaller the farther away they are.

Trapezoid, Drawing Perspective Methods for ArtistsA square becomes a trapezoid.

Room. Drawing Perspective Methods for Artists

In the drawing, parallel lines run toward a vanishing point at the eye level of the viewer.

Parallel perspective, Drawing Perspective Methods for Artists

Left: Parallel perspective—the diagonals are parallel. Right: Vanishing point perspective—the diagonals all lead to a vanishing point.

Worms eye, Drawing Perspective Methods for ArtistsA worm’s-eye perspective is when an object is viewed from below with a low vanishing point.

Birds eye, Drawing Perspective Methods for ArtistsA bird’s-eye perspective is when an object is viewed from above, with a high vanishing point.

Ellipse, Drawing Perspective Methods for ArtistsTo construct an ellipse, first draw a trapezoid and then draw the diagonals from corner to corner, as shown above. Once you locate the center, you can find the points of the ellipse that touch the trapezoid.

One point perspective, Drawing Perspective Methods for ArtistsFor one-point perspective, the distance between the shapes gets smaller and smaller the closer it gets to the vanishing point. It is best to draw this while standing, to get more of an overview.

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Drawing Perspective Methods for ArtistsLearn how to create the illusion of three-dimensional space in your drawings

It is as mundane as it is astounding: placed in the right way, a couple of lines on paper create three-dimensional space. To be more exact, the illusion of space. The interest in three-dimensional drawing may initially arise from the intention to depict visible reality. However, the creation of depth is a fascinating challenge in every artistic composition. In this volume, Peter Boerboom and Tim Proetel have arranged, commented on, and with a guiding hand intuitively and tangibly presented the fundamental methods of three-dimensional illustration. For laymen and professionals alike, this book offers a refreshing, simple approach to the graphic depiction of three-dimensionality.