Simon Underdown is Senior Lecturer in Biological Anthropology at Oxford Brookes University. He teaches, researches and writes on human evolution, the effect of the environment on humans, palæoepidemeology, the relationship between biology and culture and the development of human intelligence. He regularly appears on radio and TV programmes discussing human evolution and the latest developments. He writes for the Guardian on contemporary issues in science, including climate change, creationism, religious belief and the use of human remains in research and also contributed book reviews to numerous publications, including History Today and the THES. A former Vice President of the Royal Anthropological Institute (2012–15) he was involved in designing the biological aspects of the A-Level in Anthropology. He is currently Chair of the Society for the Study of Human Biology and a Research Associate of the School of Anthropology and Museum Ethnography at the University of Oxford.