Home Improvement | 1 February 2017The Basics of Interior Painting Share article facebook twitter google pinterest Painting a wall or two is the do-it-yourself task that almost everyone has attempted. And there’s really no reason not to do your own interior painting—unless you have one of those twenty-five foot foyers—it’s all close at hand and requires only a small step ladder. The BLACK+DECKER Complete Guide to Walls & Ceilings has all the tips and tricks you need to become a painting pro. Source – BLACK+DECKER Complete Guide to Walls & Ceilings There are two keys to producing a professional looking paint job—preparation and quality products. Preparing to paint begins with a close inspection of the wall(s) or ceiling to be painted. Are there holes that need to be spackled? Are there little fuzzies embedded in the paint from a cheap roller? Are the surfaces clean and dry? Before you paint, fill and sand all holes, sand off fuzzies or drips from previous paint jobs, and wipe down or wash walls. In most rooms, wiping the walls with a damp cloth is sufficient to remove dust. In a kitchen, however, washing the walls with a tri-sodium phosphate (TSP) substitute is necessary to remove any greasy residue that might be present. Using the highest quality paint and applicators you can afford will give you the best results. Cheap paint usually requires more coats for good coverage, and cheap applicators will leave fuzzies or be difficult to use. The current standard in paint is latex (water-based) paint. Alkyd (oil-based) paints are no longer available in many areas due to local restrictions. Latex paint is easy to apply and clean up, has very low odor, and the improved chemistry of today’s latexes makes them suitable for nearly every application. Paints come in various sheens, from high-gloss to flat. Gloss enamels dry to a shiny finish and are used for surfaces that need to be washed often, such as walls in bathrooms and kitchens and woodwork. Flat paints are used for most wall and ceiling applications. Paint prices are typically an accurate reflection of quality. As a general rule, buy the best paint your budget can afford. High-quality paints are easier to use, look better, last longer, cover better, and because they often require fewer coats they are usually less expensive in the long run. Before applying the finish paint, prime any new drywall surfaces or unfinished trim with a good-quality primer. Primer bonds well to all surfaces and provides a durable base that keeps the paint from cracking and peeling. If you are applying paint to a surface already painted with high-gloss paint, de-glossing will yield better paint adhesion. You can either physically sand the surface, or use a liquid deglosser/sander. Most painting jobs can be completed with a few quality tools. Purchase two or three premium brushes, a sturdy paint pan that can be attached to a stepladder, and one or two good rollers. With proper cleanup, these tools will last for years. Select the proper roller cover for the surface you intend to paint. A ¼”-nap cover is used for enamel paints and very flat surfaces. A ?”-nap cover will hide the small flaws found in most flat walls and ceilings. A 1″-nap cover is for rough surfaces like concrete blocks or stucco. Foam rollers fit into small spaces and work well when painting furniture or doing touch-ups. Corner rollers have nap on the ends and make it easy to paint corners without cutting in the edges. Synthetic covers are good with most paints, especially latexes. Always choose good-quality roller covers, which will be less likely to shed lint. When painting interior walls, it is best to use a roller. Using a roller yields a uniform surface free of brush marks. In the corners and along intersections with ceilings or trim you will need to use a brush to “cut in,” since the roller cannot fit into tight spaces. To paint woodwork, use a brush and a high quality enamel. Using a roller on trim yields a dappled, unappealing finish which is harder to clean. For a smooth finish on large wall and ceiling areas, paint in small sections. First use a paintbrush to cut in the edges, then immediately roll the section before moving on. If brushed edges are left to dry before the large surfaces are rolled, visible lap marks will be left on the finished wall. Working in natural light makes it easier to see missed areas. Spread the paint evenly onto the work surface without letting it run, drip, or lap onto other areas. Excess paint will run on the surface and can drip onto woodwork and floors. Conversely, stretching paint too far leaves lap marks and results in patchy coverage. For fast, mess-free painting, shield any surfaces that could get splattered. If you are painting only the ceiling, drape the walls and woodwork to prevent splatters. When painting walls, mask the baseboards and the window and door casings. How to Use a Paint Roller Source – BLACK+DECKER Complete Guide to Walls & Ceilings Wet the roller cover with water (for latex paint), to remove lint and prime the cover. Squeeze out excess liquid. Dip the roller fully into the paint pan reservoir and roll it over the textured ramp to distribute the paint evenly. The roller should be full, but not dripping. Make an upward diagonal sweep about 4 ft. long on the surface, using a slow stroke to avoid splattering. Source – BLACK+DECKER Complete Guide to Walls & Ceilings Draw the roller straight down (2) from the top of the diagonal sweep made in step 1. Lift and move the roller to the beginning of the diagonal sweep and roll up (3) to complete the unloading of the roller. Source – BLACK+DECKER Complete Guide to Walls & Ceilings Distribute the paint over the rest of the section with horizontal and diagonal back-and-forth strokes. Smooth the area by lightly drawing the roller vertically from the top to the bottom of the painted area. Lift the roller and return it to the top of the area after each stroke. How to Use a Paintbrush Source – BLACK+DECKER Complete Guide to Walls & Ceilings Dip the brush into the paint, loading one-third of its bristle length. Tap the bristles against the side of the can to remove excess paint, but do not drag the bristles against the lip of the can. Source – BLACK+DECKER Complete Guide to Walls & Ceilings Paint along the edges (called “cutting in”) using the narrow edge of the brush, pressing just enough to flex the bristles. Keep an eye on the paint edge, and paint with long, slow strokes. Always paint from a dry area back into wet paint to avoid lap marks. Source – BLACK+DECKER Complete Guide to Walls & Ceilings Brush wall corners using the wide edge of the brush. Paint open areas with a brush or roller before the brushed paint dries. US: UK: Walls and ceilings are vital to the structural integrity and the overall appearance of any home, so they are worth your time and care. BLACK+DECKER The Complete Guide to Walls & Ceilings gives you all the information you need to understand and maintain structural integrity, while reimagining and remodeling visible surfaces to meet your home decor needs. When you decide to remove a wall and open up the space or create a new wall and a new room, you’ll see for yourself how great the impact of walls and ceilings is. All the essentials of framing walls and ceilings are shown with beautiful step-by-step photos in exhaustive detail, including framing window and door openings. You’ll also learn the tips and techniques for hanging and finishing drywall on horizontal and vertical surfaces. If you’ve ever taped and mudded drywall in the past, you’ll be amazed to see how much less labor and mess it involves when it’s done the correct way. Choosing and applying wallcoverings is also covered in this new book from the experts at BLACK+DECKER, as is the final step in your wall or ceiling project: installing trimwork. Baseboard, crown molding, door and window trim, and much more are explained with color photos and easy-to-follow instructions. Buy from an Online Retailer Share article facebook twitter google pinterest If you have any comments on this article please contact us or get in touch via social media.