Pets & Animals | 16 September 2016Chicken Lingo Share article facebook twitter google pinterest In the immortal words of G.I. Joe: “Knowing is half the battle.” Let’s not ruminate too long on the intrinsic question about the other half, and instead let’s focus on the knowing, especially when it comes to raising chickens and building their coops. As with caring for any animal, there’s a lot to know, and one of the first places you can start is with vocabulary. Authors Dan and Samantha Johnson offer a basic primer of chicken lingo in their book How to Build Chicken Coops, which means you’ll be fluent in chick chat in no time. And by G.I. Joe’s metrics, you’ll be halfway to winning the battle. Chickens are a great family project, and building a coop together can be very satisfying. Photo: How to Build Chicken Coops CHICKEN LINGO Chick: a baby chicken Hen: an adult female chicken Rooster or cock: an adult male chicken Pullet: a young female chicken that hasn’t started laying eggs Cockerel: a young male chicken Bantam: a smaller variety of chicken Broody: the term for a hen that is interested in hatching a clutch of eggs The importance of good housing for your chickens can’t be overemphasized. The health and safety of your flock should be your prime concern. Most chickens enjoy free ranging outside of their coop for periods of time during the day. You’ll need to do what you can to keep them safe. Photo: How to Build Chicken Coops Coop: the structure in which chickens are housed (but you already knew that, right?) Flock: a group of chickens Free-range: the term for the act of allowing chickens to roam and forage at will outside of a coop or fenced-in run Perch: another term for “roost” Nest box: the portion of the coop in which the hens lay eggs Roost: wooden poles on which chickens can rest Run: a large enclosed area where chickens can exercise Egg: what baby chicks hatch from and a great breakfast food Photo: How to Build Chicken Coops Buy from an Online Retailer US: UK: Plan, customize, and build the perfect home for your flock, brood, or clutch. Backed by the National FFA Organization, our acclaimed series of How to Raise guides has helped countless first-time animal owners confidently care for their new companions. How to Build Chicken Coops provides complete, thorough, and easy-to-follow instructions on building a coop. More importantly, it provides answers—so chicken owners don’t have to waste time searching online for advice. If you are involved in the FFA, interested in starting an urban or suburban hobby farm at home, or just curious about the country living or urban farming lifestyle, raising chickens is a great way to get started without a substantial investment of time or money. Building your own coop allows you to customize it to meet your needs—and it will save you money too! How to Build Chicken Coops is not just a collection of plans, but a compendium of the background and insider information for chicken owners. How much space will you need? What is dust bathing? How many nest boxes and windows will your coop need? How much will it cost? What steps do you need to take to keep your chickens safe from predators? All of these questions, and many more, are answered in How to Build Chicken Coops. This book takes the guesswork out of building a coop that’s just right for your flock of chickens. Samantha Johnson (Phelps, Wisconsin) and her brother, Daniel, have collaborated on a number of rural-living guidebooks, including How to Raise Rabbits and Beginner’s Guide to Beekeeping. Both are 4-H alumni and live on the family farm, Fox Hill Farm, in far northern Wisconsin. Samantha is a certified horse show judge and raises purebred Welsh Mountain ponies and Dutch, Holland Lop, and Netherland Dwarf rabbits. Daniel Johnson is a professional photographer who specializes in imagery of farm life. He is the author of the 4-H Guide to Digital Photography and the coauthor of The Field Guide to Horses. He lives on a family-owned horse farm in Phelps, Wisconsin, called Fox Hill Farm. Daniel’s photography can be found at Fox Hill Photo. Share article facebook twitter google pinterest If you have any comments on this article please contact us or get in touch via social media.